By Eric W. Robinson
What was once historic democracy like? Why did it unfold in old Greece? An incredible variety of volumes has been dedicated to the well-attested Athenian case, whereas non-Athenian democracy - for which proof is more durable to return through - has obtained simply fleeting consciousness. however, there exists a scattered physique of historical fabric relating to democracy past Athens, from historical literary authors and epigraphic records to archaeological proof, out of which you'll construct an realizing of the phenomenon. This publication provides an in depth learn of old Greek democracy within the Classical interval (480 - 323 BC), concentrating on examples open air Athens. It has 3 major pursuits: to spot the place and while democratic governments verified themselves in historic Greek city-states; to give an explanation for why democracy unfold to many components of Greece during this interval; and to additional our knowing of the character of old democracy by way of learning its practices past Athens.
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Extra resources for Democracy beyond Athens: Popular Government in the Greek Classical Age
Nestle, “Phaleas,” RE (), –. What is not clear is how exactly the breaking up of the old estates led to the end of timema for office-holding. The implication is that the requirement was given up altogether, which would have been very demotikos indeed (and thus perhaps makes the best sense of the passage). It is possible, however, that once the traditional qualifications based on the old kleroi became untenable, new, lower ones were created. mantinea and the arcadians The Arcadians occupied numerous settlements in a mountainous portion of the central Peloponnese.
These tokens, it would seem, belonged to citizens, identifying them by name, family, civic organization, and some further division based on the alphabet. Identification tokens like these of one kind or another seem not uncommon in Greek democracies: they are attested for Athens, Argos, Rhodes, Iasus, and Camarina, for example (see discussions under each state), and could serve varying public functions, including jury selection and assembly attendance. The connection of the Mantinean ones to Aristotle’s electoral process comes with the interpretation of a brief inscription also found in the theater – ME H – as standing for meros eta.
And those who had been most responsible for the war. Fearing that the would-be peacemakers might turn the city over to the Spartans, the others concocted and executed a murderous plan, killing many of them in the agora and driving others of the “best men” (beltistoi) into retreat and potential exile. Upon invitation, some of those driven away returned to the city, only to find it governed (as Xenophon conveys from their perspective) “tyrannically” with metics holding greater influence than themselves and, even worse, with Corinthians having to share citizenship with Argos.