Citizen participation in science policy by James C. Petersen

By James C. Petersen

The 1st book-length research of citizen participation within the formula of clinical and technical coverage. Twelve essays and case reviews research very important examples of citizen activism, position them in the context of bigger participatory activities, discover the range of varieties citizen participation may perhaps take, and view new possible choices for public involvement. distinctive cognizance is given to public health and wellbeing coverage and nuclear strength improvement. extra individuals are: Jayanta Bandyopadhyay, Barry Checkoway, Daryl Chubin, Diana Dutton, Rachelle Hollander, John P. Hunt, Neil H. Katz, Sheldon Krimsky, Jane Kronick, Dorothy Nelkin, Alan Porter, Frederick A. Rossini, Randy Rydell, and Vandana Shiva.

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In other science-related controversies, however, the political nature of the decision-making process may be more hidden, often concealed behind claims of technical complexity and scientific objectivity. Such claims warrant a skeptical view, for as Dorothy Nelkin (1975) has detailed, technical expertise is itself politicized. In the cases Nelkin examinedthe expansion of an airport and the siting of a power plantthe developers sought expertise to legitimize their plans, and then attempted to use their control of technical knowledge to exclude the public from the decision-making process.

Institutionalizing Public Service Science: Its Perils and Promise Rachelle Hollander 75 6. The Legitimacy of People's Participation in the Formulation of Science and Technology Policy: Some Lessons from the Indian Experience Jayanta Bandyopadhyay and Vandana Shiva 96 III Case Studies Health Policy 7. S. War on Cancer Daryl Chubin 109 Page x 8. Consumers and Health Planning: Issues and Opportunities Barry Checkoway 130 9. The Impact of Public Participation in Biomedical Policy: Evidence from Four Case Studies Diana Dutton 147 Nuclear Policy 10.

Such publications as Science 84, Discover, Science Digest, Technology Illustrated, and High Technology are glossy publications filled with dramatic graphics. They are aimed at the public, not at professional scientists. " Although these media efforts at popularizing science have many supporters, they have not met with universal praise. Some critics charge that science is being transformed into entertainment in order to make it sell (Bernstein, 1981). In fact, there has long been a strong "gee whiz" tradition in science reporting that resulted in uncritical coverage of the highly dramatic.

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