Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical by Michael Richard Thomas Dumper, Bruce Stanley

By Michael Richard Thomas Dumper, Bruce Stanley

It is a complete reference paintings on significant historical and sleek towns within the heart East and North Africa from their beginnings to the current day. The editors offer 5000 years of old insurance as they hint the whole trajectory of every urban, talk about ties to different towns and current a comparative research of the area. The A-Z entries function information regarding every one citys place, geography, demographics, weather and environmental concerns, old and classical heritage, Islamic historical past, post-1800 CE historical past, structure, non secular importance, cultural matters, society, municipal good points, fiscal concerns and modern developments. Introductory essays discover common historical past and historiography, city making plans and modernization, poverty, interplay among towns, social welfare, tradition, id concerns and where of those towns in the international financial system.

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As a result, the city quickly became enmeshed in a new, global set of economic and political dynamics. The first European to offer a personal account of Aden was the Italian Ludovico di Varthema, who published his Itinerario in 1511. He was impressed by the significance of the port and the way ships from all over the world, including Ethiopia, Persia, and India, sheltered in its harbor and traded for goods. Arab authors, of course, such as Ibn Majid, with his guide to navigation in the Indian Ocean, had already published excellent information about the port.

At the same time that Aramco was expanding its housing and facilities, the local towns were also growing, with al-Khobar coming officially into existence in 1942, when it was established as a municipality. The arrival of oil money also meant that the country had the necessary funds to address the problem of water scarcity, which had until then acted as a brake on both population and economic growth in the area. Today, the ad-Dammam/ Dhahran/Khobar area benefits from the government’s massive investment in desalination technology, which includes the al-Khobar Desalination and Power Plant run by the Saline Water Conversion Corporation.

Canaanite cultural indications remain, and Israelite indicators start to appear as well. Thus, Akko was caught between various local and regional powers vying to control the region around Akko. The city fell to David and the Israelites in the beginning of the tenth century. Phoenician influence returns, however, for most of the period from 900 to 700 BC. A few years later, Esarhaddon granted Akko to the Tyrians. During the sixth and fifth centuries, under the Persians,Akko was again considered the territory of a resurgent Sidon, and it played a security role for Artazerzes II; in 374 BC his campaign against Egypt was organized from Akko.

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