Category: Science

Questioning the Foundations of Physics: Which of Our

The essays during this publication examine manner during which the fundaments of physics may need to be replaced so that it will make growth in the direction of a unified thought. they're in keeping with the prize-winning essays submitted to the FQXi essay pageant “Which of Our uncomplicated actual Assumptions Are Wrong?”, which drew over 270 entries.

As Nobel Laureate physicist Philip W. Anderson learned, the main to figuring out nature’s truth isn't something “magical”, however the correct angle, “the concentrate on asking the appropriate questions, the willingness to attempt (and to discard) unconventional solutions, the delicate ear for phoniness, self-deception, bombast, and traditional yet unproven assumptions.”

The authors of the eighteen prize-winning essays have, the place invaluable, tailored their essays for the current quantity so one can (a) include the group suggestions generated within the on-line dialogue of the essays, (b) upload new fabric that has come to gentle in view that their finishing touch and (c) to make sure accessibility to a wide viewers of readers with a simple grounding in physics.

The Foundational Questions Institute, FQXi, catalyzes, helps, and disseminates study on questions on the foundations of physics and cosmology, really new frontiers and cutting edge principles indispensable to a deep figuring out of fact, yet not going to be supported via traditional investment resources.

Show description

Continue reading "Questioning the Foundations of Physics: Which of Our"

The Land of Stevin and Huygens: A Sketch of Science and by D.J. Struik

By D.J. Struik

I. The younger Republic.- II. historical Science.- III. The interval of Transition.- IV. The Dutch academics of arithmetic and Navigation.- V. Simon Stevin.- VI. the hot Science.- VII. Descartes.- VIII. Christiaan Huygens.- IX. The dwelling World.- X. Colonial Science.- XI. Into the Age of Boerhaave.- Notes.

Show description

Continue reading "The Land of Stevin and Huygens: A Sketch of Science and by D.J. Struik"

Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) and by Perry G. Wang, Weixuan He

By Perry G. Wang, Weixuan He

Content material: Aqueous normal-phase chromatography: the bridge among reversed-phase and HILIC / Joseph J. Pesek, Maria T. Matyska -- program of the calculated physicochemical estate, log D, to hydrophilic interplay chromatography within the bioanalytical laboratory / Eugene P. Kadar, Chad E. Wujcik, Olga Kavetskaia -- HILIC habit of reversed-phase/ion-exchange mixed-mode desk bound stages and their purposes / Xiaodong Liu, Christopher A. Pohl -- Mechanisms controlling the separation and retention of proanthocyanidins and different plant polyphenols in hydrophilic interplay chromatography / Akio Yanagida, Yoichi Shibusawa -- purposes of hydrophilic interplay chromatography to nutrition research / Leticia Mora ... [et al.] -- Hydrophilic interplay liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS) of paralytic shellfish poisoning pollution, domoic acid, and various cyanobacterial pollutants / Carmela Dell'Aversano -- the applying of HILIC for polar environmental contaminants (including prescription drugs) in aquatic platforms / Alexander L.N. van Nuijs ... [et al.] -- Hydrophilic interplay chromatography-mass spectrometry: an environmental program / Kerry M. Peru ... [et al.] -- medical functions of hydrophilic interplay liquid chromatography / Ping Wang -- Dimethylarginine research by way of HILIC-MS/ MS and its purposes in medical chemistry and in vivo animal versions / O. D'Apolito ... [et al.] -- Polar sensible teams for HILIC strategy / Zhigang Hao -- research of pharmaceutical impurities utilizing hydrophilic interplay liquid chromatography / Mingjiang solar, David Q. Liu -- quick in-process approach for the selection of Ioversol and similar polar compounds via hydrophilic interplay chromatography (HILIC) and UPLC / Yuming Chen ... [et al.] -- Retention habit of hydrazine derivatives in HILIC mode / Juris Hmelnickis, Igors Susinskis, Kaspars Kokums -- HILIC retention habit and approach improvement for hugely polar simple compounds utilized in pharmaceutical synthesis / Minhui Ma, Min Liu -- Retention of polar acidic and easy medications via HILIC / Mohammed Shahid Ali, Aamer Roshanali Khatri -- Retention and selectivity of polar desk bound levels for hydrophilic interplay chromatography / Yong Guo -- HILIC-MS/MS for the selection of polar bioactive components: consultant functions within the fields of pharmacokinetics and metabolic profiling / Yannis L. Loukas, Yannis Dotsikas -- procedure improvement and research of mono- and diphosphorylated nucleotides through HILIC HPLC-ESI-MS / Samuel H. Yang, Hien P. Nguyen, Kevin A. Schug -- Hydrophilic interplay liquid chromatography-based enrichment protocol coupled to mass spectrometry for glycoproteome research / Cosima Damiana Calvano -- improvement and alertness of equipment for separation of carbohydrates through hydrophilic interplay liquid chromatography / Goran Karlsson -- Hydrophilic interplay liquid chromatography within the characterization of glycoproteins / Joanne E. Nettleship -- research of protein glycosylation and phosphorylation utilizing HILIC-MS / Morten Thaysen-Andersen, Kasper Engholm-Keller, Peter Roepstorff

Show description

Continue reading "Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) and by Perry G. Wang, Weixuan He"

Dreams of Earth and Sky by Freeman Dyson

By Freeman Dyson

During this sequel to The Scientist as Rebel (2006), Freeman Dyson--whom The Times of London calls "one of the world's most unique minds"--celebrates openness to unconventional principles and "the spirit of cheerful dreaming" within which he believes that technology will be pursued. all through those essays, which variety from the production of the Royal Society within the 17th century to the clinical inquiries of the Romantic new release to contemporary books by way of Daniel Kahneman and Malcolm Gladwell, he seeks to "break down the boundaries that separate technology from different resources of human wisdom."

Dyson discusses twentieth-century giants of physics reminiscent of Richard Feynman, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Paul Dirac, and Steven Weinberg, a lot of whom he knew in my opinion, in addition to Winston Churchill's pursuit of nuclear guns for Britain and Wernher von Braun's pursuit of rockets for area go back and forth. And he is taking a provocative, usually politically improper method of a few of today's such a lot debatable medical concerns: worldwide warming, the present calculations of which he thinks are most likely unsuitable; the way forward for biotechnology, which he expects to dominate our lives within the subsequent half-century because the instruments to layout new residing creatures develop into to be had to all people; and the flood of knowledge within the electronic age. Dyson deals clean views at the historical past, the philosophy, and the perform of medical inquiry--and even at the mistakes, the wild guesses and incorrect theories which are additionally a part of our fight to appreciate the wonders of the wildlife.

Show description

Continue reading "Dreams of Earth and Sky by Freeman Dyson"

Gateways to Forever: The Story of the Science-Fiction by Mike Ashley

By Mike Ashley

Within the Nineteen Seventies technological know-how fiction exploded into the preferred attention, showing in all places alongside the cultural spectrum—from David Bowie’s alien degree personality to the hugely winning international juggernaut that was once celebrity Wars. With the yankee involvement in Vietnam attaining its sour end, the Apollo moon application finishing, and expertise of humanity’s damaging influence at the surroundings expanding, our planet started to appear a smaller, lonelier, extra fragile place—and the escapist charm of technological know-how fiction grew.Corresponding with those tumultuous occasions was once a interval of vital American monetary decline, and, as Mike Ashley indicates in Gateways to ceaselessly, the once-enormously-popular technological know-how fiction magazines struggled to outlive. The 3rd quantity of this award-winning sequence chronicles the guides’ such a lot tricky interval thus far. the last decade all started with the dying of John Campbell Jr., the guy who introduced the journal extraordinary, and with it technological know-how fiction’s prominence as a style. The common popularization of sci-fi imagery mirrored a newly diverse market—new anthologies, fanzines, role-playing video games, comics, and blockbuster motion pictures all fought for the eye and cash of sci-fi fanatics. Ashley exhibits how the normal magazines coped with those setbacks but in addition how they, as constantly, appeared to the longer term, because the decade closed and the earliest precursors to the net emerged.          Mike Ashley’s groundbreaking background is a monument to technological know-how fiction’s evolution. because the style keeps to infiltrate mainstream literature, Gateways to ceaselessly is vital interpreting for an individual attracted to seeing the way it all all started.

Show description

Continue reading "Gateways to Forever: The Story of the Science-Fiction by Mike Ashley"

Photobiology: The Science of Life and Light by Lars Olof Björn (auth.), Lars Olof Björn (eds.)

By Lars Olof Björn (auth.), Lars Olof Björn (eds.)

Since the e-book of the 1st version in 2002, there was an explosion of recent wisdom within the box of photobiology.

Photobiology: The technological know-how of lifestyles and light-weight, moment edition, is totally up to date and provides 8 new chapters for a complete examine photobiology. The chapters disguise all parts of photobiology, photochemistry, and dating among mild and biology, each one with updated references. The bankruptcy authors (of which seven are new) have very diversified backgrounds, and feature produced a really cross-disciplinary treatise.

The ebook starts off with the physics and chemistry of sunshine, and the way to deal with mild within the laboratory and degree it within the box, the homes of sunlight, and new makes use of of sunshine in learn. It offers with the evolution of photosynthesis and with the mechanisms of its basic steps. 4 chapters take care of how organisms use gentle for his or her orientation in area and time: the organic clock and its resetting via gentle, the light-dependent magnetic compass, and photoperiodism in animals and crops. There also are numerous medically orientated chapters and chapters particularly aimed toward the photobiology educator.

The e-book is acceptable for biologically readers at diverse degrees from undergraduates to professors, researchers and clinical doctors.

About the Editor:

Lars Olof Björn is professor emeritus at Lund college and has earned numerous prizes for popularizing technological know-how, in addition to a Linnaeus prize for botany and a Rimington prize for photobiology. he's a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and used to be at the board of the foreign Photobiology organization for twelve years.

Show description

Continue reading "Photobiology: The Science of Life and Light by Lars Olof Björn (auth.), Lars Olof Björn (eds.)"

Elephants on Acid by Alex Boese

By Alex Boese

Have you puzzled if a severed head keeps attention lengthy adequate to work out what occurred to it? Or no matter if your puppy might run to fetch support, when you fell down a disused mineshaft? And what might ensue when you have been to offer an elephant the biggest ever unmarried dose of LSD? the possibilities are that somebody, someplace has carried out a systematic test to discover out...'Excellent debts of a few of an important and engaging experiments in biology and psychology' - Simon Singh. If left to their very own units, might infants instinctively pick out a well-balanced nutrition? detect the key of ways to sleep on planes. Which fairly tastes greater in a blind tasting - Coke or Pepsi?

Show description

Continue reading "Elephants on Acid by Alex Boese"