By Susan Orpett Long
In an period of adjusting demographics and values, this quantity offers a cross-national and interdisciplinary viewpoint at the query of who cares for and in regards to the aged. The participants ponder learn experiences, experimental programmes and private adventure in Japan and the us to explicitly examine how regulations, practices and interpretations of elder care are evolving on the flip of the century.
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Extra resources for Caring for the Elderly in Japan and the US: Practices and Policies
1996). The gift of generations: Japanese and American perspectives on aging and the social contract. New York: Cambridge University Press. Kaufman, S. (1986). The ageless self: Sources of meaning in later life. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. S. (1976). Japanese patterns of behavior. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. , and Lowe, J. (1968). Age norms, age constraints, and adult socialization. ), Middle age and aging (pp. 22–28). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Cultural meanings of “security” in aging policies 27 Plath, D.
This increased demand is accelerated by the decreased capability of family caretakers, because the more advanced age of dependent older parents means that the age of their caretaking children has become higher. In many cases, children themselves are already elderly and their own health is not adequate to provide needed care. Migration of younger people from rural to urban areas The reduction in the agricultural population during the decades following the war brought about a great migration from rural to urban industrialized areas.
The expectations of vulnerability The two prototypes of security discussed here correspond to the distinct images of vulnerability in old age found in Japan and the United States. These different mental blueprints are indeed based on different visions of need in old age. Although much research has advanced our understanding of life course transitions, Gunhild Hagestad (1986) has pointed out that comparable work on life course trajectories, the “prospective view of life” based on cultural life scripts, has been limited.