By Donald E. Carlucci, Sidney S. Jacobson
Even the earliest weapon builders confronted the necessity to know how and why weapons and ammunition paintings for you to increase their effectiveness. As guns grew to become extra subtle, the sphere of ballistics evidently divided into 3 major parts of specialization: interior, exterior, and terminal ballistics. offering special assurance of all 3 parts, Ballistics: thought and layout of weapons and Ammunition deals a unbroken presentation of the advanced phenomena that ensue through the release, flight, and influence of a projectile.
Reader-friendly popular and layout, the e-book explains the elemental physics, terminology, idea, engineering elements, and layout ideas for every region in steadily expanding element and complexity. beginning with inside ballistics, the authors study the analytical and computational instruments used to foretell a weapon’s habit by way of strain, tension and pace, demonstrating their functions in ammunition and guns layout. The publication keeps with assurance of external ballistics, exploring the physics at the back of trajectories, together with linear and nonlinear aeroballistics. the ultimate part makes a speciality of the consequences of projectile impression, together with info on surprise physics, formed fees, penetration, fragmentation, and wound ballistics.
Enhanced with insights drawn from the authors’ vast adventure in govt laboratories, undefined, and academia, Ballistics presents an excellent motor vehicle for encouraging stronger layout and cutting edge purposes within the box.
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Additional info for Ballistics: Theory and Design of Guns and Ammunition
Solid propellants are generally nitrocellulose compounds that are manufactured by nitrating through immersion in acid. The details of this process for various materials can be examined in detail in Refs. [7,8,16–18]. This material is then chopped and worked into a doughy substance and pushed though dies to form various shapes. The material then has solvents removed and it is dried. , hard and somewhat brittle) pasta. Though this statement is general, there are, as always, exceptions. The burning of solid propellant is a surface phenomenon.
The co-volume of the gas has been described as a parameter which takes into account the physical size of the molecules and any intermolecular forces created by their proximity to one another. Think of it as not having physical meaning but as simply a number which allows for a better ﬁt to observed experimental data. The units of the co-volume are cubic length per mass unit. Usually, the gas co-volume is provided in the literature but an estimation tool has been provided by Corner  which will not be repeated here since actual data exists.
In a common combustion reaction, such as an internal combustion engine like the one in your car, oxygen is supplied to the reaction independently of the fuel. The heat in this case is generated by a spark ignition and the burning of the air–fuel combination that ensues. A gun chamber has very little room for oxygen once it is stuffed with propellant. It is important to note that, for other reasons, there is always free volume in the chamber (called ullage)—we will explain this later. For now, we should understand that although there is some oxygen in the chamber, the amount is insufﬁcient to completely combust the propellant.