By A. Roger Ekirch
Bringing gentle to the shadows of heritage via a "rich weave of quotation and archival evidence" (Publishers Weekly), pupil A. Roger Ekirch illuminates the features of lifestyles regularly missed through different historians—those that spread at evening.
In this "triumph of social history" (Mail on Sunday), Ekirch's "enthralling anthropology" (Harper's) exposes the nightlife that spawned a unique tradition and a shelter from day-by-day life.
Fear of crime, of fireplace, and of the supernatural; the significance of moonlight; the elevated occurrence of ailment and dying at evening; night gatherings to spin wool and tales; masqued balls; lodges, taverns, and brothels; the innovations of thieves, assassins, and conspirators; the protecting makes use of of incantations, meditations, and prayers; the character of our predecessors' sleep and dreams—Ekirch unearths these types of and extra in his "monumental study" (The Nation) of sociocultural background, "maintaining all through an infectious feel of wonder" (Booklist).
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Extra resources for At Day's Close: Night in Times Past
1971). Reactions of restaurateurs to blacks and whites violating restaurant dress regulations. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 5, 34-45. Eagly, A. H. (1987). Sex differences in social behavior: A social-role interpretation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. E. (1987). Are stereotypes of nationalities applied to both women and men? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 451-462. , & Mladinic, A. (1988). Gender stereotypes and attitudes towards women and men. Unpublished manuscript. J.
Christie & M. ), Studies in the scope and method of the authoritarian personality (pp. 50-122). Glencoe, IL: The Free Press. L. (1983). Belief congruence and racial discrimination: Review of the evidence and critical evaluation. European Journal of Social Psychology, 13, 153-174. , & Hewstone, M. (1986). The assessment of national stereotypes: A methodological study. Journal of Social Psychology, 126, 745-754. E. (1965). From acts to dispositions. In L. ), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol.
Implicit in this theory is the assumption that the strength of the outgroup rejection depends on the discrepancy perceived between one's own attitudes and beliefs and those attributed to members of outgroups. In order to explain individual or group differences in stereotypes and prejudice, one has to go beyond the theory and develop hypotheses about the psychological causes of the origin of stereotypes. Two theoretical approaches have been suggested: balance theory and social learning theory. , Heider, 1958), outgroup members should be perceived as holding different beliefs, because the perception of outgroup membership is balanced with the perception of belief-dissimilarity.