American Cinema of the 1960s: Themes and Variations by Barry K. Grant

By Barry K. Grant

The profound cultural and political adjustments of the Sixties introduced the us toward social revolution than at the other time within the 20th century. the rustic fragmented as a variety of demanding situations to kingdom energy have been met with expanding and violent resistance. The chilly conflict heated up and the Vietnam conflict divided american citizens. Civil rights, women's liberation, and homosexual rights additional emerged as major social matters. loose love was once celebrated at the same time the last decade used to be marked through assassinations, mass murders, and social unrest.

At an analogous time, American cinema underwent radical switch besides. The studio method crumbled, and the construction Code was once changed by means of a brand new scores approach. one of the demanding situations confronted through the movie used to be the dawning shift in theatrical exhibition from city facilities to surburban multiplexes, a rise in runaway productions, the increase of self reliant manufacturers, and festival from either tv and international artwork motion pictures. Hollywood video clips turned extra cynical, violent, and sexually particular, reflecting the altering values of the time.

In ten unique essays, American Cinema of the Nineteen Sixties examines a variety of flicks that characterised the last decade, together with Hollywood videos, documentaries, and self sufficient and experimental movies. one of the movies mentioned are Elmer Gantry, The condominium, West part tale, The Manchurian Candidate, To Kill a Mockingbird, Cape worry, Bonnie and Clyde, 2001: A area Odyssey, hour of darkness Cowbody, and simple Rider.

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The activist group Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) held its first meeting in Ann Arbor, Michigan, in January, and in February a sit-in by four African Americans at a whites-only Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, ignited dozens of similar protests across the nation over the next few months. Diplomatic relations with Cuba became increasingly strained, emphatically with the election on 8 November of John F. Kennedy to the presidency. 22 1960 — MOVIES AND INTIMATIONS OF DISASTER AND HOPE 23 The new president subscribed to the domino theory of revolution in the third world, and his so-called liberalism suggested to many the serious limitations of liberal ideology.

Robin Wood remarks that patriarchy has as one of its victims the patriarch himself (Wood, Hollywood 134). The point is certainly relevant to Home from the Hill, since Wade Hunnicutt’s need to take his son Theron from under his mother’s wing and masculinize him leads to his own murder and his son’s self-imposed exile. Among the film’s achievements is its complex development of the complicated nature of patriarchy in modern America. Wade’s attempt to shape Theron is not based simply on the overwhelming ego of the macho male trying to find an extension of his self in his male offspring.

Siegel was one of the few directors to show Presley’s gifts as an actor. John Huston’s neglected The Unforgiven, the story of a Texas family repressing the secret that their adopted daughter is actually a Native American taken from a Kiowa settlement, is a remarkably pointed attack on the racism of frontier America, and by extension of bourgeois white society. If Audrey Hepburn is somewhat difficult to accept as the Kiowa foundling, the Bible-thumping Rawlins family, who turn on Ben Zachary (Burt Lancaster) and his beleaguered kin, is pointedly suggestive of the axiomatic response of white “settlers” to the native population.

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