By Mark L. Gillem
American servicemen and -women are at the moment stationed in additional than one hundred forty international locations from relevant the US to Western Europe to the center East, usually residing and dealing on army bases that not just dominate overseas territories but additionally re-create regularly occurring area that “feels like home”—gated groups jam-packed with rambling subdivisions, franchised eating places, and plush golfing courses.
In America Town, Mark Gillem finds sleek army outposts as key symbols of not only American energy but in addition purchaser intake. via case reviews of numerous U.S. army facilities—including Aviano Air Base in Italy, Osan and Kunsan Air Bases in South Korea, and Kadena Air Base in Japan—Gillem exposes those army installations as exports of the yank Dream, as suburban tradition replicated within the type of substantial eco-friendly lawns, three-car garages, and big-box shops. With ardour and eloquence he questions the impression of this tradition at the remainder of the area, exposing the confidence of U.S. intake of international land.
Gillem contends that present U.S. army coverage for its out of the country troops practices avoidance—relocating army bases to remoted yet well-appointed compounds designed to avoid touch with the citizens. He probes the coverage directives in the back of base construction that reproduce generally spaced, abundantly paved, and widely manicured American suburbs, whatever the host nation’s terrain and tradition or the impression on neighborhood groups residing less than empire’s wings.
Throughout America Town, Gillem demonstrates how the excesses of yankee tradition are strikingly obtrusive within the approach that the U.S. army builds its outposts. The safety of the United States, he concludes, has ended in the large imposition of tract houses and strip shops at the world—creating mini-Americas that inhibit cultural figuring out among U.S. troops and our allies abroad.
Mark L. Gillem is assistant professor of structure and panorama structure on the college of Oregon. he's additionally a certified architect, a qualified planner, and a former active-duty U.S. Air strength officer.
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Additional info for America Town: Building the Outposts of Empire
The network of military bases that makes up today’s empire follows speciﬁc, formal planning guidance. America took on the mantle of a global imperial power beginning with the distribution of the spoils of World War II, which, for the Americans, translated into a new land grab. 4 The economic justiﬁcation today, however, reﬂects multinational rather than monopoly capitalism — a subtle difference ushered in by the rampant capital and information ﬂows associated with processes of globalization. 7 Shared among the many conceptualizations of globalization is the attribute of movement—of goods, services, people, and ideas—across national borders.
Military’s role in part has been to act as the pry bar— quelling any resistance—and this has required the use of fortiﬁed outposts as bases of operations. In the American West, one of the ﬁrst signs of “civilization’s” arrival was the Army fort. S. ” Reaching the Paciﬁc, though, did not satisfy the imperial appetite. By the end of the nineteenth century, military strategists called for a broader empire. In 1890 Alfred T. S. 16 Eight years later, displeased with Spanish coaling stations in Cuba and angry over the controversial sinking of the USS Maine in Cuba’s Havana Harbor on February 15, 1898, the United States declared war with Spain on April 25, 1898.
And they did this with the partial consent of the conquered. Granted, not everyone agreed to empire’s demands, but the select few that beneﬁted from the imperial line of credit gave the exercise an imprimatur of acceptance. Next in this progression of empire is Pax Americana. C H A P T E R T WO Pax Americana: The “New” Empire Reluctant. Incoherent. Arrogant. Benevolent. Informal. Invited. There are as many titles for today’s American Empire as there are scholars of empire. From all points on the political spectrum, there are copious attempts at deﬁning the current phase of Pax Americana.