Agents of Moscow: The Hungarian Communist Party and the by Martin Mevius

By Martin Mevius

After 1945, nation patriotism of the communist regimes in japanese Europe was once characterised by means of the frequent use of nationwide symbols. In communist Hungary the get together (MKP) greatly celebrated nationwide vacations, nationwide heroes, erected nationwide statues, and hired nationwide highway names. This 'socialist patriotism' had its starting place within the 'national line' of the Comintern, verified on Soviet directions following the German invasion of the Soviet Union. at the moment Stalin known as the events of the Comintern to oppose the Germans by means of issuing the decision for nationwide liberation. This coverage persisted after 1945 while, as an reduction within the fight for energy, the MKP awarded itself as either the 'heir to the traditions of the countries' and the 'only real consultant of the curiosity of the Hungarian people'. sarcastically even though, the Soviet origins of the nationwide line have been additionally one of many major stumbling blocks to its luck because the MKP couldn't recommend nationwide calls for if those conflicted with Soviet pursuits. Martin Mevius' pioneering research finds that what had all started as a tactical degree in 1941 had turn into the self-image of celebration and nation in 1953 and that the final word loyalty to the Soviet Union labored to the detriment of the nationwide celebration - the MKP by no means rid itself of the label 'agents of Moscow'.

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Extra resources for Agents of Moscow: The Hungarian Communist Party and the Origins of Socialist Patriotism 1941-1953 (Oxford Historical Monographs)

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4 Ibid.  Agents of Moscow before the change in policy. ‘Dimitrov looked at me with a little amazement, and answered: of course. 7 Corresponding instructions were immediately sent out to the national sections. 9 He commanded the French party to contact the Gaullist movement on the basis of a ‘joint struggle for national liberation’, and demanded in strong terms that they should desist from Socialist agitation: ‘Yet again we insist on the absolute necessity to avoid in your agitation the presentation of the war between Germany and the Soviet Union as a war between the Capitalist system and the Socialist system.

Ibid. 24 Pipes, Nationalism and Communism, , . Connor, National Question, . Lenin, ‘On the Right of Nations to Self-Determination’.  Communism and Nationalism Right of Nations to Self-Determination’ (April–June ), Lenin noticed two different stages of revolution which could exist simultaneously in different geographical areas. The United States and Western Europe had developed furthest, and bourgeois nationalist movements no longer played a progressive role. In Eastern Europe, however, national movements led by the bourgeoisie still helped to advance the revolutionary struggle, and should be supported.

See also Brandenberger and Dubrovsky, ‘The People Need a Tsar’. 53 54 Martin, ‘Affirmative Action Empire’, . Ibid.  51 52 Communism and Nationalism    Around the same time as Stalin’s reappraisal of Russian nationalism, the communist parties of Europe did an about-turn on the appraisal of the national past. This was not connected to Soviet nationalities policy, but rather to a change in strategy towards Fascism and Social Democracy. Between  and , Stalin believed the consolidation of the revolution at home to have top priority.

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