Advances in Immunology, Vol. 46 by Frank J. (Editor) Dixon

By Frank J. (Editor) Dixon

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1987). The D Q region contains two a (DQ and DX) and two (DQ and DX) genes. , 1985). The DQa and DQJ genes encode the D Q antigens that are detected by serological methods. , 1987). However, neither mRNA nor protein products derived from the DX genes have been identified. , 1985b). , 1985). , 1987), have been described and mapped to the class I1 region (Fig. 8b). , 1985), all of which are in the same orientation within the region (Fig. 8c). , 1985). The organization of the human HLA locus is shown in Fig.

The class I and class I1 molecules are integral membrane proteins involved in the immune recognition reactions that permit T cells to distinguish between self and nonself. Class I molecules are present on the surface of all cell types (Klein, 1975), whereas class I1 molecules are expressed only on the surface of cells of lymphatic origin, such as B cells, macrophages, dentritic cells, and certain epithelial cells. Class I11 genes encode several components of the classical complement pathway, factor B of the alternate complement pathway, and an enzyme involved in steroid biosynthesis, 21-hydroxylase.

Hood, unpublished results). These data suggested that the H-2 complex spans at least 2500 kb on the chromosome. It appears that the organization of the H-2 complex is variable among different inbred mouse strains. , 1984). Thus, the 0 2 , D3, and 0 4 genes are not essential, and whether they are functional remains to be determined. There are only 8 Qu genes in BALB/c mice, in contrast to 10 genes in the C57BL/6 Qu region. , 1984). The greatest differences among the C57BL/10 and BALB/c mice are in their Tlu regions.

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