ABC: The Alphabetizaton of the Popular Mind by Ivan Illich, Barry Sanders

By Ivan Illich, Barry Sanders

In ABC... thinker and cultural analyst Ivan Illich and medieval student and literary critic Barry Sanders have produced an unique, meticulous and provocative learn of the appearance, unfold and current decline of literacy. They discover he influence of the alphabet on basic concept procedures and attitudes, on reminiscence, on political groupings and religous and cultural expectancies. Their exam of the current erosion of literacy within the new technological languages of 'newspeak' and 'uniquack' they usually indicate how new attitudes to language are changing our international view our experience of self and of group.

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The GAO report emphasized one major problem: In a catastrophic disaster like Hurricane Andrew, it made no sense for FEMA to wait for state and local authorities to make a formal request and for the president to declare a major disaster. 36 FEMA needed to plan more before a disaster so that it could respond immediately—within hours—with food, water, and temporary shelter. The GAO report recommended that for hurricanes and rising floodwaters, when the weather service could give several days’ warning, FEMA should mobilize its resources as a storm approaches.

Bush, in office for less than nine months, faced an unprecedented disaster. The terrorist attacks ended up shifting disaster response away from its past emphasis on natural disasters and gave new power to military and law enforcement agencies. Many also say the concern with terrorism that followed the attacks ended the improvements made in FEMA during the 1990s and weakened its ability to respond to natural disasters. The change in disaster response stemmed from the hijacking of four commercial passenger jets by 19 men affiliated with an alliance of militant and radical Islamic groups called al-Qaeda.

As part of its mission, the new office took on duties that overlapped with those of FEMA. The duties included coordinating national efforts to prepare for and mitigate the consequences of terrorist attacks within the United States. Since terrorist attacks were one form of emergency or disaster, FEMA previously had some of these responsibilities. Another agency would now review and assess emergency response plans, coordinate exercises to respond to terrorist attacks, and ensure the readiness of federal response teams.

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