A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003) by Elizabeth Rose

By Elizabeth Rose

Americans this present day reside with conflicting principles approximately day care. We criticize moms who pick out to not remain at domestic, yet we strain ladies on welfare to go away their teenagers at the back of. We realize some great benefits of early youth schooling, yet don't supply it as a public correct till youngsters input kindergarten. our youngsters are beneficial, yet we pay minimal wages to the overwhelmingly girl group which cares for them. we're not fairly convinced if day care is unsafe or worthy for kids, or if moms may still quite be within the staff. to higher know how we have now arrived at those present-day dilemmas, Elizabeth Rose argues, we have to discover day care's past.

A Mother's Job is the 1st booklet to provide such an exploration. subsequently research of Philadelphia, Rose examines the several meanings of day take care of households and services from the past due 19th century in the course of the postwar prosperity of the Nineteen Fifties. Drawing on richly particular files created by way of social staff, she explores altering attitudes approximately motherhood, charity, and kid's needs.

How did day care switch from a charity for terrible unmarried moms on the flip of the century right into a well-known desire of normal households by means of 1960? This booklet strains that transformation, telling the tale of day care from the altering views of the households who used it and the philanthropists and social employees who administered it. We see day care in the course of the eyes of the immigrants, whites, and blacks who relied upon day care carrier in addition to via these of the pros who supplied it.

This quantity will entice somebody drawn to realizing the roots of our present day care challenge, in addition to the wider problems with schooling, welfare, and women's work--all concerns during which the foremost questions of day care are enmeshed. scholars of social historical past, women's heritage, welfare coverage, childcare, and schooling also will come across a lot necessary details during this well-written book.

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Additional info for A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003)

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And today it is receiving substantial help from the legacies of those who were its friends in its early struggles for existence. ”91 Indeed, much of the nursery’s income from the mid-1880s through the 1910s came from numerous bequests of more than one thousand dollars. ”92 The Young Women’s Union also benefited from legacies and effective private fund-raising networks: in 1896, the annual report explained, “the executors of the estate of the late Simon Muhr recently offered $5000 for a building or endowment fund with the sole condition that an equal amount be raised within a specified time.

115 Kohn wrote these words at a time when desertion was becoming a major issue of concern to social welfare workers, especially within the Jewish world, and the specter of the Old World woman rejected by her Americanized husband evoked fears that immigration was dissolving sacred social bonds. The deserted mother in her description is a victim who must find a way to support her children, not a mother who willingly leaves her children in the care of others. Mothers, whether deserted women or widows, were the central figures in day nursery reports, but struggling fathers also appeared and were also praised for their determination to keep their families together.

Sometimes a board member would give some of her own income to keep a nursery afloat. For instance, the Ways and Means Committee of the Baldwin Day Nursery announced in 1922 that fund-raising was not an immediate need, as “Mrs. 89 Most day nurseries relied on fund-raising “entertainments” held by the managers to generate most of their income. 90 Day nursery supporters who remembered the nurseries in their wills often sustained them financially for years. A history of the First Day Nursery explained that although the institution had been pressed for money early in its existence, “slowly and surely it progressed, .

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